Autism is a lifelong condition that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to other people and the world around them.
Autism is a spectrum condition, which means that, while all people with autism share certain difficulties, their condition will affect them in different ways.
The three main areas of difficulty which all people with autism share are sometimes known as the ‘triad of impairments’. People have difficulties with:
1. social communication (e.g. difficulty with both verbal and non-verbal language, interpreting comments very literally, while thinking that people always mean exactly what they say)
2. social interaction (e.g. difficulty recognising or understanding other people’s emotions and feelings, and expressing their own, which can make it hard to fit in socially)
3. social imagination (e.g. difficulty understanding and predicting other people’s thoughts or behaviour and making sense of abstract ideas or situations outside of the immediate daily routine).
Page last updated: June 25th, 2013 at 5:40 am